ICTs and Universal Design

What is Universal Design?

Universal design for learning (UDL) is a set of principle for curriculum development that gives all individual equal opportunities to learn (CAST, 2011).


The UDL has four parts in curriculum which are instruction goals, methods, materials and assessments. Teachers can reduce the barriers of physical, cognitive and intellectual and optimize the levels of challenge and support to meet the needs of all children. UDL principles also lend teachers to implement inclusive practices in the classroom. Teachers can also integrate ICTs in Universal Design to meet the interests and needs of all the children. Therefore children can learning through different experiences.


Ms Kim has talked about UDL in the class today. She shown us different type of ICTs tool which is special designed for young children. All those tools are so amazing and developmentally appropriate for young children. I wish to have one of each tool for my children. I think they will enjoy when using it.


You can watch a video about Universal Design in ICTs.




CAST. (2011). Universal Design for learning guidelines. Retrieved Jun 8, 2013, from http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines




My Personal Reflection

Professional experience is over and this semester is going to end soon.

Throughout this semester I have learned a lot of knowledge regarding ICTs. This is also my first experience to implement lessons with integrating ICTs. I felt so excited but also worried at the same time before I go for my professional experience. I really enjoyed in integrating ICTs into my lessons as I can see children were engaged and enjoyed when they are working with ICTs. But sometimes, my lessons are not so success as children were not able to achieve the learning objectives and the ICTs tools that I chose were not so appropriate to the children’s level. I hope I can have improvement! I wish to gain more technological knowledge so I can enhance children’s learning experiences.

Looking forward to try out more ICTs tools and software!


All the best!




Guidelines for internet safety


I have watched a video about Cyber-Five Internet Safety  which shared by Erica. It’s suitable for Grade 1 – 5 children. It was so interesting and I think children will enjoy when watching this video. Through the animation, children are able to understand the concept easily.


Cyber-Five is a short animation which introduces the five helpful rules to be safer when using internet. Hippo and Hedgehog are the main characters who introduce the five rules in this video. After watching the video, children can do a multiple choice quiz. Therefore, teachers can assess on children’s understanding at the end of the lesson. The cyber 5 story concept is by Jillian Palmieri, 2011.


I’ve found an article about internet safety’s 5 tips for creating a cybersafe home. This is a useful tips for parents to ensure that children are using internet in a safety way. 



Learning Categories

After reading Deborah‘s blog post about E-learning, I have found out more information of E-learning.


There are some different leaning categories:

  • Traditional learning
  • IT supporting learning
  • Traditional learning with online tutor support
  • Blended learning
  • Remote group learning
  • On your own with online learning
  • Pure E-learning                                                         (Virtual College, 2013)


E-learning is when you are using ICTs to study or learn. E-learning is inclusive of multimedia learning, computer-based instruction, internet-based training, web-based training and online education. E-learning can occur in and out of the classroom or even at home. It is a flexible learning that children can learn at anywhere and anytime they want.

In my opinion, I agree with blended learning. This will be appropriate for young children. Blended learning is a mixture of tutor led training and online based materials or activities. Young children can access the online materials when facilitated by adult. There are pros and cons of E-learningTeachers should not having only pure E-learning. We should make a balance and think carefully what learning experiences are appropriate for the children.




Virtual College. (2013). What is e-learning. Retrieved Jun 2, 2013, from http://www.safeguardingchildrenea.co.uk/what_is_e_learning



Technology Integration Planning (TIP)


There are variety of models and frameworks in EDC 3100. Technology Integration Planning (TIP) is one of the models which designed to guide teachers.

One of my friends, Winnie has posted an article about TIP as well.


What is TIP model?

“The Technology Integration Planning (TIP) Model was designed to give teachers a systematic way to address the challenges involved in integrating technology into teaching (Roblyer, 2003). By carrying out the steps in each of the model’s five phases, teachers perform a set of planning, implementation, and assessment activities that help assure their technology use will be both efficient and successful in meeting the needs they have identified” (Wiencke and Roblyer, 2004 as cited in Jones, 2013).


The adaptation of TIP model:



TIP consists 5 phases:

1. Determine relative advantage

2. Decide on objectives and assessments

3. Design integration strategies

4. Prepare the instructional environment

5. Revise integration strategies           (Finger, et al, 2007, p.155 as cited in Mike, 2011).


As an educator, we have to bear in mind why ICTs is being integrated into the activities. Teachers have to integrate ICTs into the activity which met the objective of the learning experience. The integration of ICTs is being used to enhance student’s learning experiences.




Jones, D. (2013). The TIP model. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://usqstudydesk.usq.edu.au/m2/mod/book/view.php?id=114129&chapterid=5268

Mike. (2011). The technology integration planning model. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://blendingict.wordpress.com/2011/09/26/the-technology-integration-planning-model/





Today, I’ve found out an interesting topic – The 7 habits of highly effective teachers who use technology by Lepi (2009).



(Source from Lepi, 2009)


I strongly agree with all the points listed out.

It’s Digital Century, therefore teachers have to up-to-date and adapt with the new environment and resources. Teachers have to know what is happening and how to integrate available ICTs resources into classroom. An effective teacher who uses technology must always have a reason for using the technology tools or software. Teachers have to utilize the tool or software which can enhance learning experience. Teachers also must share their knowledge and ideas with colleagues or other.

Besides that, it is essential if the school has variety of ICTs available, teachers and parents believe the value of technology and it can impact children’s learning outcome and the children must see the value.




Lepi, K. (2009). 7 tips from effective teachers who use technology. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from http://www.edudemic.com/2013/02/effective-teachers-who-use-technology/



The 8 characteristics of 21st Century Teacher


Teachers need to be adaptor as they have to adapt to the environment and up to date so they can integrate resources into classroom activities.

Teachers are communicator and learner as they can understand the children’s background by communicating and exchanging information with parents. Teachers also have to figure out the interests and needs of each child through discussion in the classroom.

Teachers have to demonstrate positive behaviour and be a role model for children all the time as children are learning/ imitate from adult.




(Source from Dunn, 2013)


According to Dunn (2013), we are not necessary to constantly be all of the characteristics. However, we should understand, internalize and be able to exemplify any of these skills at any time. Teachers have to demonstrate any of these characteristics depend on the situation.

Read more detail on Dunn’s blog post.



Dunn, J. (2012). The 8 characteristics of a 21st century teacher. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from http://www.edudemic.com/2013/04/the-8-characteristics-of-a-21st-century-teacher/



ICTs and Early Childhood

I have watched a video of Why ICTs in early childhood education? By Fagan, 2012.

Nowadays, Information and Communication Technologies are essential to our society. It makes our life easier. The meaningful integration of ICTs into education is essential for children’s learning experiences. Therefore, it is our responsibility to prepare children for the future.

ICTs should be integrated in all curriculum areas. The ways of ICTs are used in the classroom need to be carefully considered and utilize before introducing to young children. ICTs are teaching and learning tools that for children to explore, discovery, access the information and enhance knowledge. ICTs also promote problem solving, critical thinking skills, reflecting the learning process and cooperative learning. Children should be able to access the ICTs if they are interested. Teachers can integrate computers, CD-players, access of internet, projector, cameras and educational software into classroom.

Teachers should be up-to date and improve their knowledge of ICTs. We should spend time to discovery and try out the available software. Teachers should build their own PLN to share ideas and problems regarding integration of ICTs. It can improve teachers’ knowledge.

Lastly, I’ve found a journal about the role and potential of ICT in early childhood education. Free to have a look.




Skills that we must have

Do you know what skills do you need in order to integrate ICTs into classroom?

As what I have learnt; building PLN is the first skill that teachers must have. What else??


Dunn (2013) has listed 10 skills that teachers must have in order to take the classroom or digital skills to the next level.

  • Build your PLN – with others who are in the same field or having same interests where we can share opinions and exchange information.
  • Establish real relationships – Teachers should spend some extra time to build positive relationship with the people that you want to get to know a lot better or someone that you think you can learn from.
  • Understand where technology fits in education – Teachers have to understand and figure out how the technology can enhance the learning experience.
  • Know how to find useful resources – Teachers can become familiar with RSS readers and social news aggregation tools. For example, teachers should have a Google Reader account, Zite, Rockmelt, Digg.
  • Manage your online reputation – Teachers must make sure they are on the right social networks and not leaving too many digital footprints in different places.
  • Know how to correctly blog – Teachers can share your lesson plans, thoughts and reflection on the blog. However, teachers should not share too much children’s information or even to someone who don’t know what you’re doing. Teachers have to be careful what you wanted to post. It is impossible to completely delete once you have posted something online as other may forwarded or snapshot the information. 
  • Slow down – Teachers should spend some time to figure out the best ways to implement the lessons or even make it better. Teachers should integrate ICTs into the lessons which can enhance learning experience and allows children have to opportunity to explore and gain their knowledge.
  • Make social media work for you – Teachers have to manage the list of people that you’ve followed in social network and follow appropriate boards and make sure they are providing useful information and resources.
  • Don’t be afraid of failing – Teachers must try out new technology tools or software. If the new technology doesn’t work as what you expected, don’t be afraid and keep moving on.
  • Know when to disconnect – Teachers need to know when to disconnect when you feel the social network is too overwhelming and you need to spend more time managing other aspects of your life.


Dunn, J. (2012). The 10 skills modern teachers must have. Retrieved May 3, 2013, from




Get ready for Professional Experience

After I’ve submitted assignment 2, it’s time to get ready for the Professional Experience and assignment 3.

David has provided overview and expectations of practicum in the study desk. I’ve a clear picture of what should I prepare and what I should know before the practicum starts after I’ve read through the information provided.

David asked some questions in the forum, what do you know about Professional Experience?


1.      How many days long is the EDC3100 Professional Experience?

15 days


 2.      How much teaching must you do?

– Week 1 – teaching for one-third of each day.

– Week 2 – teaching for one-half of each day.

– Week 3 – teaching for two-thirds of each day with one full day.


 3.      Where is the lesson planning template must you use for all your lessons?

EDC 3100 lesson plan template


4.      How many of the lessons you implement on Professional Experience must you submit for Assignment 3?

5 lessons


 5.      My mentor is helping organise the school’s cross country and has to be at school at 7:30am on the day. Do I need to be there?



 6.      What feedback on my teaching should I be gathering and what should I do with it?

End of lesson feedback and Weekly feedback which can be informal, formal, verbal and written.


 7.      There are very, very few ICT resources in my Professional Experience context, how can I possible develop ICT-rich lessons?

I could use the ICTs resources available in the school or bring in any relevant resources and develop ICT-rich lessons.